New Jersey Short Term Radon Test Kit.
Liquid scintillation process.
NJ State fees , return postage & Lab Processing INCLUDED.
Do-it-yourself kit will include: (3) Short Term (48 to 96 hour exposure period) liquid scintillation vials, pre-addressed, postage pre-paid mailer (1 per order)
& easy to follow instructions. Extremely accurate & easy to use! Quick & reliable lab results are included in price.
Results are available online the next business day, after receiving them back at
the lab. - click here for results.
OUR LABS ARE EPA & NJ CERTIFIED.
This test kit is intended for homeowners in the state of New Jersey to
perform their own test. Each kit is intended to test (1) property in accordance to New Jersey protocol.
For short-term radon measurements with exposure times between 48 hours and 96
hours, we utilize the liquid scintillation (LS) type of patented
pharmaceutical-grade charcoal-silica adsorption material. Near 100% counting
efficiencies allow for a monitor that is lighter in weight (0.4 ounce) and
easier to handle than traditional charcoal canisters. High efficiency counting
also means that fewer samples are lost due to excessive decay time.
Each detector is given a unique bar-coded identification number. A
measurement with the LS device in initiated by removing the cap to allow
radon-laden air to diffuse into the charcoal packet where the radon is adsorbed.
A polyethylene foam plug ensures passive diffusion, preventing distortions
caused by drafts and air currents. At the end of the exposure (two days), the
device is resealed securely and returned to our lab for analysis.
In the laboratory, the exposed detectors are prepared for analysis by radon
desorption techniques. A major fraction of the radon adsorbed on the carbon is
transferred into a vial of liquid scintillation fluid. The vials of counting
fluid are then loaded into an automated liquid scintillation counter. The total
beta activity is then counted for a pre-set time or until the standard deviation
of the counts is at 2.5%.
The total beta count, along with the customer supplied exposure data, is used
to calculate the radon concentration. The typical uncertainty (standard
deviation) of an LS result is ±10% and the minimum reported concentration is 0.5
CONDUCTING THE TEST
If you do the test yourself, the process is very simple. You need only
follow the testing instructions and complete the form that accompanies the
test device. The device should then be mailed without delay to a laboratory
using a pre-addressed envelope enclosed with the kit.
The following guidelines should be used by both homeowners and
For both long-term and short-term tests, the testing device must be
- in the lowest livable level of the home -- that is, the lowest level
of the home that is used, or could be used, as a living space. This
would include, for example, a first floor without a basement, and a
finished or unfinished basement, but not a crawl space.
- in a location where it will not be disturbed.
- at least 20 inches from the floor, at least 4 inches away from other
objects and at least 36 inches away from doors, windows or other
openings to the outside. The tests only need to be placed one foot away
from exterior walls that have no openings. If suspended from the
ceiling, it should be in the general breathing zone.
Test kits should not be placed:
- in areas exposed to direct sunlight, drafts, high heat, or high
- in kitchens, bathrooms, laundry rooms or closets.
In addition, attic and window fans, fireplaces and wood stoves (unless
they are the primary heat source) should not be used for the duration of the
test. They will affect air pressure in the house which will in turn affect
radon concentrations. Air conditioning can be used if it circulates inside
air rather than bringing in air from the outside.
For short-term tests, it is very important to maintain "closed house
conditions," since ventilation can increase or decrease radon levels in
unpredictable ways. This means all windows and doors that let in outside
air, on all floors, must be kept closed except for normal entrances and
exits. You need to maintain closed house conditions until the short-term
test is finished. For tests that last less than four days, closed house
conditions must be started at least 12 hours before you begin the test.
Lab must receive within 8 days from closing the canisters or test is invalid. There is no refund.
INTERPRETING YOUR TEST RESULTS
The test report will usually give your radon reading in picoCuries per
liter (pCi/L). PicoCuries per liter is a measure of how much radiation is in
a liter of air, which is about the size of a quart. Sometimes results will
be given in Working Levels (WL). You can calculate the pCi/L level by
multiplying the WL reading by 200.
The DEP and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) both recommend that
you take action to mitigate your home if your test results indicate radon
levels of 4.0 pCi/L of radon or more. If you used two or more short-term
tests at the same location, the results should be averaged.
There is no truly "safe" level of radon since lung cancer can result from
very low exposures to radon – however, the risk decreases as the radon
concentration decreases. If your test result is less than 4.0 pCi/L, you may
want to discuss with mitigation companies whether the radon level can be
brought down still further. In about half of the homes that have been
mitigated in New Jersey, radon levels have been brought to less than 1 pCi/L.
Radon Risk for Smokers and Nonsmokers
(Source: National Academy of Sciences, Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation,
Sixth Report, 1998)
Odds for non-smokers* of
developing lung cancer due to radon if exposed to this level over a
Odds for smokers* of
developing lung cancer due to radon if exposed to this level over a
1 in 27
1 in 5
1 in 68
1 in 13
1 in 135
1 in 26
1 in 270
1 in 52
1 in 1,350
1 in 260
*Smokers are defined as individuals who have smoked at least 100
cigarettes in a lifetime; non-smokers have never smoked or smoked less than
100 cigarettes in a lifetime.
**This is in addition to the risk of lung cancer from smoking itself.
***Average outdoor radon concentration.
MITIGATING YOUR HOME
The most common type of radon mitigation system is the sub-slab
depressurization system. This system uses venting and sealing to lower radon
levels in the home. A pipe is installed that runs from below the basement
flooring to above the roofline, with a fan at the top that draws radon out
from under the slab. Cracks and openings in the foundation are sealed. The
radon is vented through the pipe to the outside, where it is quickly
The average price of such a system is around $1,200, although prices can
range from $500 to $2,500, depending on characteristics of the home and the
underlying soil. You can install the system yourself, if you are highly
experienced in making home repairs, or you can hire a New Jersey certified
radon mitigation company to do the work for you. New Jersey certified radon
mitigation professionals meet specified education and experience standards
and must take continuing education classes each year to maintain their
certification. It is against the law for uncertified contractors to do
mitigation work in New Jersey.
After your home has been mitigated, make sure the mitigator does a
post-mitigation test to prove the system is working properly. In addition,
you can contact the Radon Program to obtain a free post-mitigation test (you
will have to provide a copy of your mitigation contract). Retesting your
home every two years will tell you whether or not your system is still
working effectively in reducing the radon level to below 4 pCi/L. If you
believe that your system was not installed correctly, you can contact the
Radon Program to arrange for a free inspection and test of the system.